Ahmedabad: While returning from one of his campaigns, Sultan Ahmed Shah was impressed with the scenic surroundings and climate of the town of Ashawal. In 1411 AD he undertook the building of his new capital with a fort and twelve gates and named it Ahmedabad. The fort is called the Bhadra Fort. The city is located in Gujarat State, on the banks of Sabarmati River. By the year 1600 AD Ahmedabad was considered to be the finest city in India until Delhi arose. Today it is an important industrial and commercial center, especially known for the manufacture of cotton textiles, silk factories and chemicals.
Architecturally, Ahmedabad is one of the most magnificent cities of India. Major buildings include the Jama Masjid, with 250 elaborately carved pillars, the temple of Hathi Singh, Kankaria Lake, and Shaikh Siddhi's mosque. The world famous Sabarmati Ashram of Mahatma Gandhi is situated on the western side of Sabarmati River. Ahmedabad was the capital of Gujarat State from 1960 to 1970.
The beautiful Gandhi Ashram complex by the river Sabarmati with it's shady trees populated by thousands of parakeets, bee-eaters, sunbirds and squirrels, offers a refuge from the noisy streets of the city. This is easily the most moving of all the monuments and memorials to Mahatma Gandhi, where one gets a glimpse into the simplicity of the great man. The Satyagraha Ashram (also known as the Sabarmati Ashram) was founded on the 25th of May, 1915, and registered in 1926. In the 1930s Mahatma Gandhi re-named it the Harijan ashram, as he foreswore his followers to continue his battle against untouchability.
Magen Abraham Synagogue. A prayer hall was started in 1850 in the heart of Ahmedabad city. Its foundation stone was laid on 19th October 1933, and on September 2, 1934, the consecration was held. The name commemorates the founder of the prayer hall, Dr. Abraham Erulkar. This synagogue is well maintained, and looks after the religious welfare of the Bene Israels in the city and the surrounding.